In order to trace its origins, it is necessary to follow the path of education development of continental universities in the Middle Ages of western Europe.
The development of university education in Western Europe is the result of the influence of medieval life.
At the beginning of the Middle Ages, the Roman Empire was destroyed, the splendid classical culture of Greece and Rome was destroyed, rapidly weakened, the once prosperous city disappeared from the people's vision, all kinds of educational institutions were gone, and the Roman Christianity became the main successor and propagator of the ancient culture. By the 12th century, the development of Christianity required a large number of clerics to help the bishops manage their parishes. The monastery, Archbishop's district school and parish school began to emerge. The Archdiocese school is located in the Archbishop's district and the parish school is located in the village where the clergy reside.
The church used these places to educate priests and monks on basic knowledge of reading, writing, accounting and teaching, and they used some of the fruits of classical culture to gradually form a course of study called "Seven Arts" (grammar, rhetoric, logic, arithmetic, geometry, music, astronomy).
The teachers in these schools are known in Italy as PhDs (Doctor, from Latin doctoreum, meaning teachers), while in Paris the teachers are called Masters (master, from the Latin magister, meaning teacher, master).
At that time, the handicraft industry flourished, and gradually separated from agriculture, commercial development, and re-formed a handicraft and business-centric cities, the emergence of a variety of handicraft trade associations and commercial guilds, these guilds have strict organization and rules and regulations, with considerable autonomy management rights. With the development of the school, the number of teachers called masters or PhDs is increasing, and teachers in various places have organized the association of Teachers with the trade associations of handicraft and commerce, and the students have organized themselves into associations to manage their own affairs.
They all call their Guild university (University, from Latin universitals, meaning community), so the word of the university becomes the teaching
The common appellation of the Fertility center. In other words, the original university institution is the Guild of these teachers and the Guild of the students. The same professional teachers in the same guild also form Special professional guilds, called faculties or professors (faculty, derived from Latin facultas, meaning talent, that is, the ability to teach a certain discipline) and later extended the meaning of the term to a university branch (college) that teaches a department's knowledge.
In the Bolivian region of northern Italy, two of the oldest medieval universities-the University of Bologna and the University of Salerno-were built, followed by a succession of schools such as Paris University and Oxford University. These early college students, to be organized into classes into the classroom lectures, but the school will not test them. Only those students who decide to become a teacher in the future will be tested by the school. The first step in the examination process is to conduct a series of non-public and public pre-tests on them. The test takers, who are qualified for the exam, are put on a monk's robe (gown) and sit with the Bachelors (bachelor, from the Latin baccahalar, meaning bachelor). Then there is a feast of wine offered by test takers who have passed the exam successfully. This is the prototype of the graduation ceremony of the students.
However, to become a master or doctor (at that time, there is no difference between the Doctor and Master's degree, are teachers, master of the meaning), but also after 2-3 years of study, passed the rigorous final examination. In medieval Europe, men and women in towns wore robes, cold halls and ventilated buildings that made people have to put on long and floor robes (hood, hood, aka waistcoat). The raw materials and colours of these robes and scarves are determined by the wealth and social status of each individual. Since the scholars at the early college were missionaries, they should be dressed in the same place as their monasteries, wearing drab robes and protecting their heads with a turban.
As a result, the monks ' black robes and scarves evolved into the university's popular bachelor's wear, not only for the ceremony of the school graduation ceremony, but also for some other major celebrations to wear. In the United States, Harvard University was the first to wear a bachelor's clothing, and then the universities have been used, but the model is still in use in Europe, different schools. In 1895, representatives of various schools met to establish a uniform style of clothing, and in 1903, a uniform standard system for American University uniforms was produced, and later revised in 1936 and 1960 two times. As a result, the American universities today are the same size as the Bachelor's clothing, just slightly different in some details such as color.
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