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The Origin Of The Degree Clothing
- Aug 30, 2018 -

The university dress should follow the path of the education development of Continental University, and go back to the medieval western Europe. The development of university education in Western Europe is the result of the influence of medieval life. At the beginning of the Middle Ages, the Roman Empire perished, Greek and Romazan burning classical culture was destroyed, rapidly weakened, once prosperous city from the people's vision disappeared, all kinds of educational institutions, the Roman Christianity became the main successor and propagator of ancient culture. By the 12th century, the development of Christianity required a large number of clerics to help the bishops manage their parishes. The monastery, Archbishop's district school and parish school began to emerge. The Archdiocese school is located in the Archbishop's district and the parish school is located in the village where the clergy reside. The church used these places to educate priests and monks on the basic knowledge of reading, writing, accounting and teaching, and they used some of the fruits of classical culture to gradually form a course of study called "Seven Arts" (grammar, rhetoric, logic, arithmetic, geometry, music, astronomy).

The teachers in these schools are known in Italy as PhDs (Doctor, from Latin doctoreum, meaning teachers), while in Paris the teachers are called Masters (master, from the Latin magister, meaning teacher, master). At that time, the handicraft industry flourished, and gradually separated from agriculture, commercial development, and re-formed a handicraft and business-centric cities, the emergence of a variety of handicraft trade associations and commercial guilds, these guilds have strict organization and rules and regulations, with considerable autonomy management rights. With the development of the school, the number of teachers called masters or PhDs is increasing, and teachers in various places have organized the association of Teachers with the trade associations of handicraft and commerce, and the students have organized themselves into associations to manage their own affairs. They all call their Guild the University (University, from Latin universitals, meaning community), so the word of the university became the common appellation of each education center. In other words, the original university institution is the Guild of these teachers and the Guild of the students. The same professional teachers in the same guild also form Special professional guilds, called faculties or professors (faculty, derived from Latin facultas, meaning talent, that is, the ability to teach a certain discipline) and later extended the meaning of the term to a university branch (college) that teaches a department's knowledge.

In the Bolivian region of northern Italy, two of the oldest medieval universities-the University of Bologna and the University of Salerno-were built, followed by a succession of schools such as Paris University and Oxford University. These early college students, to be organized into classes into the classroom lectures, but the school will not test them. Only those students who decide to become a teacher in the future will be tested by the school. The first step in the examination process is to conduct a series of non-public and public pre-tests on them. The test takers, who are qualified for the exam, are put on a monk's robe (gown) and sit with the Bachelors (bachelor, from the Latin baccahalar, meaning bachelor). Then there is a feast of wine offered by test takers who have passed the exam successfully. This is the prototype of the graduation ceremony of the students.

However, to become a master or doctor (at that time, there is no difference between the Doctor and Master's degree, are teachers, master of the meaning), but also after 2-3 years of study, passed the rigorous final examination. In medieval Europe, men and women in towns wore robes, cold halls and ventilated buildings that made people have to put on long and floor robes (hood, hood, aka waistcoat). The materials and colors produced by these robes and scarves are determined by the wealth and social status of each person. Since the scholars at the early college were missionaries, they should be dressed in the same place as their monasteries, wearing drab robes and protecting their heads with a turban.

As a result, the monks ' black robes and scarves evolved into today's college dresses, not only for graduation ceremonies, but also for other major celebrations. Later, robes and scarves began to use brighter tones, and the dresses of different degrees gradually became somewhat different. Bachelor's, Master's, and doctor's dress style differences, mainly appear on the turban. After a while, the turban was no longer attached to the robe, and became a single object, which people wore on their heads. By the 15th century, the hat became popular, and the turban almost became an ornament, and when people wore it, they took it down the neck, dressed it on their shoulders and down to the back. As a result, school hats emerged. The original school hat shape originated from a master's degree symbol, there are several different shapes, some are round, some square, some in the center of the hat has a cluster of decorations. Today's Fringe (tassel) is based on this development, but more exquisite.

Oxford University first adopted the flat-low square hat (mortarbard, meaning the plaster board), the folk suggested that the school hat should be made of a scholar's book The shape, so as to show its academic meaning, more bookish.